GEMAS PROJECT GEMAS
GEOCHEMICAL MAPPING OF AGRICULTURAL AND GRAZING LAND SOIL
GEMAS PROJECT

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GEMAS two volume atlas & DVD

Reimann, C., Birke, M., Demetriades, A., Filzmoser, P. & O’Connor, P. (Editors), 2014. Chemistry of Europe’s agricultural soils – Part A: Methodology and interpretation of the GEMAS data set. Geologisches Jahrbuch (Reihe B 102), Schweizerbarth, Hannover, 528 pp. + DVD

Reimann, C., Birke, M., Demetriades, A., Filzmoser, P. & O’Connor, P. (Editors), 2014. Chemistry of Europe’s agricultural soils – Part B: General background information and further analysis of the GEMAS data set. Geologisches Jahrbuch (Reihe B 103), Schweizerbarth, Hannover, 352 pp.


GEMAS Field Manual

EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Working Group, 2008. EuroGeoSurveys Geochemical mapping of agricultural and grazing land soil of Europe (GEMAS) - Field manual. NGU Report 2008.038. ISSN 0800-3416. Geological Survey of Norway, 46 pp.


GEMAS Quality Control Reports

Reimann, C., Demetriades, A., Birke, M., Eggen, O. A., Filzmoser, P., Kriete, C. & EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group, 2012. The EuroGeoSurveys Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and grazing land Soils project (GEMAS) - Evaluation of quality control results of particle size estimation by MIR® prediction, Pb-isotope and MMI® extraction analyses and results of the GEMAS ring test for the standards Ap and Gr. NGU Report 2012.051, 136 pp.

Reimann, C., Demetriades, A., Eggen, O.A., Filzmoser, P., 2011. The EuroGeoSurveys geochemical mapping of agricultural and grazing land soils project (GEMAS) - Evaluation of quality control results of total C and S, total organic carbon (TOC), cation exchange capacity (CEC), XRF, pH, and particle size distribution (PSD) analysis. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Report, 2011.043, 90 pp.

Reimann C., Demetriades A., Eggen O. A., Filzmoser P. and the EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group, 2009. The EuroGeoSurveys Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil Project (GEMAS) - Evaluation of Quality Control Results of Aqua Regia Extraction Analysis. NGU Report 2009.049. ISSN 0800-3416. Geological Survey of Norway, 94 pp.


GEMAS papers, oral and poster presentations


Published papers: 2014

Scheib, A.J., Birke, M., Dinelli, E., GEMAS Project Team, 2014. Geochemical evidence of aeolian deposits in European soils. Boreas, 43(1), 175-192.

Saaltink, R., Griffioen, J., Mol, G., Birke, M., The GEMAS Project Team, 2014. Geogenic and agricultural controls on the geochemical composition of European agricultural soils. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 14(1), 121-137.

Fabian, C., Reimann, C., Fabian, K., Birke, M., Baritz, R., Haslinger, E. and the GEMAS Project Team, 2014. GEMAS: Spatial distribution of the pH of European agricultural and grazing land soil. Applied Geochemistry, 48, 207-216.

Négrel, Ph., Sadeghi, M., Ladenberger, A., Reimann, C., Birke, M. and the GEMAS Project Team. 2014. Geochemical fingerprinting and sources discrimination in soils and sediments at continental scale. Chemical Geology (submitted).

Janik, L., Forrester, S., Kirby, J.K., McLaughlin, M.J., Soriano-Disla, J.M., Reimann, C. & The GEMAS Project Team, 2014a. GEMAS: Prediction of solid-solution partitioning coefficients (Kd) for cationic metals in soils using mid-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (submitted).

Janik, L., Forrester, S., Soriano-Disla, J.M., Kirby, J.K., McLaughlin, M.J., Reimann, C. & The GEMAS Project Team, 2014b. GEMAS: Prediction of solid-solution phase partitioning coefficients (Kd) for boric acid and oxyanions in soils using mid-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (submitted).

Ladenberger, A., Demetriades, A., Birke, B., Reimann, C., Sadeghi, M., Andersson, M., Jonsson, E., Uhlbäck, J. & The GEMAS Project Team, 2014. GEMAS: Indium in agricultural soils of Europe – its source and geochemical distribution pattern. Special issue on Continental, Regional and Local scale geochemical mapping, Journal of Geochemical Exploration (submitted).

Albanese, S., Sadheghi, S., Lima, A., Cicchella, D., Dinelli, E., Valera, P., Falconi, M., Demetriades, A., De Vivo, B. & The GEMAS Project Team, 2014. GEMAS: Chromium, Ni, Co and Cu in agricultural and grazing land soil of Europe. Special issue on Continental, Regional and Local scale geochemical mapping, Journal of Geochemical Exploration (submitted).

Cicchella, D., Albanese, S., Dinelli, E., Giaccio, L., Lima, A., Valera, P., De Vivo, B., 2014. GEMAS: Spatial distribution of chemical elements in agricultural and grazing land soil of Italy. Special issue on Continental, Regional and Local scale geochemical mapping, Journal of Geochemical Exploration (submitted).




Published papers: 2013

Martiya Sadeghi, M., Petrosino, P., Ladenberger, A., Albanese, S., Andersson, M., Morris, G., Annamaria Lima, A., De Vivo, B., The GEMAS Project Team, 2013. Ce, La and Y concentrations in agricultural and grazing-land soils of Europe. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 133, 202-213.

Ottesen, R.T., Birke, M., Finne, T.E., Gosar, M., Locutura, J., Reimann, C., Tarvainen, T., The GEMAS Project Team, 2013. Mercury in European agricultural and grazing land soils. Applied Geochemistry, 33, 1-12.

Soriano-Disla, J.M., Janik, L., Mclaughlin, M.J., Forrester, S., Kirby, J.K., Reimann, C., The EuroGeoSurveys GEMAS Project Team, 2013. The use of diffuse reflectancemid-infrared spectroscopy for the prediction of the concentration of chemical elements estimated by x-ray fluorescence in agricultural and grazing european soils. Applied Geochemistry, 29, 135-143.

Tarvainen, T., Albanese, S., Birke, M., Ponavic, M., Reimann, C., The GEMAS Project Team, 2013. Arsenic in agricultural and grazing land soils of Europe. Applied Geochemistry, 28, 2-10.

Soriano-Disla J.M., Janik L., McLaughlin M.J., Forrester S., Kirby J., Reimann C. and the GEMAS Project Team, 2013. Prediction of the concentration of chemical elements extracted by aqua regia in agricultural and grazing European soils using diffuse reflectance mid-infrared spectroscopy.. Applied Geochemistry, 39, 33-42.

Ladenberger, A., Andersson, M., Reimann, C., Tarvainen, T., Filzmoser, P., Uhlbäck, J., Morris, G. & Sadeghi , M., 2013. Geochemical mapping of agricultural soils and grazing land (GEMAS) in Norway, Finland and Sweden – regional report.. Geological Survey of Sweden, SGU-rapport 2012:17, 160 pp.




Published papers: 2012

Caritat, P. de, Reimann, C., NGSA Project Team, GEMAS Project Team, 2012. Comparing results from two continental geochemical surveys to world soil composition and deriving Predicted Empirical Global Soil (PEGS2) reference values. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 319-320, 269-276.

Reimann, C., Flem, B., Fabian, K., Birke, M., Ladenberger, A., Négrel, P., Demetriades, A., Hoogewerff, J., The GEMAS Project Team, 2012. Lead and lead isotopes in agricultural soils of Europe - The continental perspective. Applied Geochemistry, 27, 532-542.

Reimann, C., Caritat P. de, GEMAS Project Team, NGSA Project Team, 2012. New soil composition data for Europe and Australia: Demonstrating comparability, identifying continental-scale processes and learning lessons for global geochemical mapping. Science of the Total Environment, 416, 239-252.

Reimann,C., Filzmoser, P., Fabian, K., Hron, K., Birke, M., Demetriades, A., Dinelli, E., Ladenberger, A. and The GEMAS Project Team, 2012. The concept of compositional data analysis in practice - Total major element concentrations in agricultural and grazing land soils of Europe. Science of the Total Environment 426, 196-210.

Scheib, J., Flight, D.M.A, Birke, M., Tarvainen, T., Locutura, J. and GEMAS Project Team, 2012. The geochemistry of niobium and its distribution and relative mobility in agricultural soils of Europe. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, 12, 293-302.


Published papers: 2010

Demetriades, A., Reimann, C., Birke, M., Salminen, R., De Vos, W., Tarvainen, T. and the EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group, 2010. Geochemical atlases of Europe produced by the EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group: State of progress and potential uses. In: G. Koukis, A. Zelilidis, I. Koukouvelas, G. Papatheodorou, M. Geraga and V. Zygouri (Editors), Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of the Geological Society of Greece: Planet Earth - Geological processes and sustainable development. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, XLIII(5), 2350-2360.

Ernstsen, V., Cicchella, D., Demetriades, A., De Vivo, B., Dinelli, E., von Platen, F., Reimann, C., Tarvainen, T. and the EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group, 2010. Organic carbon in topsoil from arable land and grazing land of Europe. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World , 1-6 August 2010, Brisbane, Australia. Published on DVD, 139-141.

Reimann, C., Demetriades, A., Birke, M. and the EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group, 2010. Geochemical mapping of agricultural and grazing land soils at the European Scale. SEGH 2010 International Conference and Workshops: Environmental Quality and Human Health, Galway, Ireland, 27 June - 2 July, 2010. SEGH 2010 Book of Abstracts, 65.

Reimann, C., Birke, M., Demetriades, A. and the EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group, 2010. GEMAS: Geochemical mapping of agricultural and grazing land soil at the European scale. Poster presentation, 20th SETAC Europe Annual Meeting, 23-27 May 2010, Science and Technology for Environmental Protection, Seville, Spain.




Oral and poster presentations

AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California, U.S.A., 5-9 December 2011


  1. Reimann, C., Négrel, P., Belinda Flem, B., Fabian, K., Birke, M., Ladenberger, A. and Hoogewerff, J., 2011. A new view of the lead isotopic soil landscape at the European continental scale (Oral presentation).


EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group Meeting - Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo, Finland, 5-7 October, 2011.

The following poster presentations were delivered:

  1. Oorts K., Reimann C., Schoeters I., Delbeke K. and Verougstraete V., 2011. Use of GEMAS data for regional risk assessment of metals in soil.

  2. Oorts K., Schoeters I., Reimann C. and Dohrmann R., 2011. Experiences with the grain size analyses of the GEMAS samples - How to measure the clay fraction?


EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group Meeting - Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo, Finland, 5-7 October, 2011.

The following oral presentations were delivered:

  1. Reimann, C., Fabian, K., Flem, B., Birke, M., Ladenberger, A., Negrel, P., Hoogewerff J. and the EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group, 2011. GEMAS - status report & Lead and lead isotopes in agricultural soils of Europe.

  2. Ottesen, R.T., 2011. Mercury in agricultural and grazing land soils.

  3. Birke, M., Reimann, C., Rauch, U. and The Eurogeosurveys GEMAS Project Team, 2011. Geochemical mapping of agricultural and grazing land soils (GEMAS-project) - Selected results at German and European scales.

  4. Oorts, K., Reimann, C., Schoeters, I., Delbeke, K. and Verougstraete, V., 2011. Use of GEMAS data for regional risk assessment of metals in soil.

  5. Cicchella, D., Birke, M., Albanese, S., Lima, A., Dinelli, E. and De Vivo, B., 2011. U-Th-K concentrations in European soils from the GEMAS database.

  6. Dinelli, E. et al., 2011. A comparison between XRF and Aqua Regia data from the GEMAS database.

  7. Scheib, A., Dee Flight, D., Birke, M., Tarvainen, T. and others, 2011. The geochemistry of Niobium and its distribution and relative mobility in agricultural soils of Europe.

  8. Mackových, D., 2011. Preparation of GEMAS project samples.

  9. Lucivjanský, P., 2011. Preparation of two GEMAS project reference materials.

  10. Oorts, K., Schoeters, I., Reimann, C. and Dohrmann, R., 2011. Experiences with the grain size analyses of the GEMAS samples: How to measure the clay content?

  11. Cicchella, D., Giaccio, L., Lima, A., Albanese, S., Dinelli, E., Valera, P. and De Vivo, B., 2011. Geochemical atlas of Italy from the GEMAS database.

  12. Dinelli, E., Lancianese, V., De Vivo, B., Albanese, S., Lima, A., Hayoz, P., Salpeteur, I., Gosar, M., Haslinger, E. and Reitner, H., 2011. Geochemical Atlas of the Alps from the GEMAS database.

  13. Salpeteur, I. and Maldan, F., 2011. Grazing and agricultural soil background values (GEMAS EuroGeosurveys programme) over the French Hercynian shield and younger sedimentary basins: contrasted heritage.

  14. Demetriades, A. and Kaminari, M., 2011. Hellenic GEMAS atlas results and supporting maps.

  15. Bel-lan, A., Locutura, J. and Batista, M.J., 2011. Results of GEMAS in Iberian peninsula.

  16. Gosar, M., 2011. GEMAS results from Slovenia.

  17. Guerra, M., Calace, N., Falconi, M., Ponavic, M., Birke, M., De Vos, W., Gosar, M., Reinmann, C., Demetriades, A., Zomeni, Z., Zizzimos, A., 2011. Chromium in European Agricultural and Grazing land soil.

  18. Kriete, C., 2011. GEMAS Project Proficiency Test - Laboratory Assessment.


9th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (AIG-9), 19-23 September 2011, Terragona, Catalonia, Spain

  1. Reimann, C., Flem, B., Birke, M., Ladenberger, A., Negrel, P. & Hoogewerff, J., 2011. Lead and lead isotopes in agricultural soils of Europe - the lead isotopic geochemical landscape of Europe (Oral presentation).


Symposium on the release of the Geochemical Atlas of Cyprus, 5-7 September 2011, Geological Survey Department of Cyprus, Hilton Park Hotel, Lefkosia, Cyprus

  1. The GEMAS Project Team, EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group, 2011. GEMAS - Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil (Poster presentation).


Nanoelectronic Devices for Defense and Security Conference, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, N.Y., 29 August to 1 September 2011

  1. Hoogewerff, J., Reimann, C., Posey, R. and Frew, R., 2011. Baseline studies for a probabilistic approach to geographical origin intelligence (Oral presentation).


Pedometrics 2011 Innovations in Pedometrics, Castle Hotel Trest, Trest, Czech Republic, 31 August - 3 September, 2011

  1. Duris, M., Ponavic, M., Reimann, C., Demetriades, A., Birke, M. and the EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group, 2011. Soil sampling procedure of the EuroGeoSurveys project "Geochemical Mapping of agricultural and grazing land soil of Europe". In: Jaksík, O., Klement, A. and Boruvka, L. (Editors), Book of abstracts: Pedometrics 2011 - Innovations in Pedometrics. Pedometrics Commission of the IUSS, Czech University of Life Sciences and Czech Society of Soil Science, Prague, 62 (Poster presentation)


25th International Applied Geochemistry Symposium, Rovaniemi, Finland, 22-26 August 2011

  1. Scheib, A.J. and Flight, D.M.A., 2011. Distribution and mobility of Niobium in European soils. In: Sarala, P., Ojala, V.J., Porsanger, M.-L. (Editors), 25th International Applied Geochemistry Symposium, Rovaniemi, 22-26 August 2011. Programme and abstracts, (Vuorimiesyhdistyksen tutkimusseloste). Finnish Association of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers, Series B 92-1, 103-104 (Oral presentation).


11th ICOBTE 11th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Congress Centre, Florence, Italy, 3-7 July, 2011

  1. Reimann, C., Birke, M., Demetriades, A., Bush, A., Verougstraete, V. and Schoeters, I., 2011. GEMAS: Mapping soil properties and metal concentrations in agricultural and grazing land soil at the European scale (Oral presentation).

  2. Janik, L., Forrester, S., Kirby, J.K., McLaughlin, M.J. and Reimann, C., 2011. Predicting metal and metalloid partitioning in soils using infrared spectroscopic analysis (Oral presentation).

  3. Oorts, K., Reimann ,C., Schoeters, I., Delbeke, K. and Verougstraete, V., 2011. Monitoring data for trace elements in soil and their use in risk assessment: the GEMAS project (Oral presentation).


SETAC Europe 21st Annual Meeting, Milano Convention Centre, Milan, Italy, 15-19 May 2011: Ecosystem Protection in a Sustainable World: a Challenge for Science and Regulation

  1. Oorts, K., Delbeke, K., Reimann, C. and Schoeters, I., 2011. Monitoring data for trace elements in soil and their use in risk assessment: the GEMAS project (Poster presentation).


SEGH 2011: International Conference on Environment and Health and 28th European Conference on Environmental Geochemistry & Health, Edge Hill University, Edge Hill, United Kingdom, 11-14 April 2011:

  1. Demetriades, A., Reimann, C., Birke, M. and The EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group, 2011. Geochemical mapping of European agricultural and grazing land soil. SEGH 2011 Book of abstracts, 5-6 (Oral presentation).


Geological Survey of Norway, Laboratory lunchtime presentation, Trondheim, 7 February 2011:

  1. Reimann, C., The Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural Soils (GEMAS) Project (Oral presentation).






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